O Cérebro do Psicopata

Renato M.E. Sabbatini, PhD

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Antoine Bechara, Antonio Damasio, Hanna Damasio, and Steven W. Anderson - "Insensitivity to future consequences following damage to human prefrontal cortex," , Cognition, 50:7, 1994.

Pamela Y. Blake, Jonathan H. Pincus, and Cary Buckner - "Neurologic abnormalities in murderers", Neurology, 45, September 1995, pp. 1641-1647.

Damasio AR, Tranel D, Damasio H - Individuals with sociopathic behavior caused by frontal damage fail to respond autonomically to social stimuli. Behav Brain Res 1990 Dec 14;41(2):81-94

Damasio H., Grabowski T,. Frank R., Galaburda AM., Damasio AR. The return of Phineas Gage: clues about the brain from the skull of a famous patient. Science. 264(5162):1102-5, 1994.

Damasio AR: The somatic marker hypothesis and the possible functions of the prefrontal cortex. Proceedings of The Royal Society, 351: 1413-1420, 1996.

Rodney Day and Stephen Wong - "Anomalous perceptual asymmetries for negative emotional stimuli in the psychopath", Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 105, No. 4, 1996, pp. 648-652.

Dolan M - Psychopathy--a neurobiological perspective. Br J Psychiatry 1994 Aug;165(2):151-159

Linda J. Gerstley, Arthur I. Alterman, A. Thomas McLellan, and George F. Woody. Antisocial personality disorder in patients with substance abuse disorders: a problematic diagnosis? American Journal of Psychiatry, 147:173-178 (February 1990).

Goyer PF, Andreason PJ, Semple WE, Clayton AH, King AC, Compton-Toth BA, Schulz SC, Cohen RM - Positron-emission tomography and personality disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology 1994 Feb;10(1):21-28

Intrator J, Hare R, Stritzke P, Brichtswein K, Dorfman D, Harpur T, Bernstein D, Handelsman L, Schaefer C, Keilp J, Rosen J, Machac J - A brain imaging (single photon emission computerized tomography) study of semantic and affective processing in psychopaths. Biol Psychiatry 1997 Jul 15;42(2):96-103

Hare, R.D. - A checklist for the assessment of psychopathy in criminal populations. In: Ben-Aron,M.H,.; Hucker,S.J.; Webster,C.D. Clinical criminology. The assessment and treatment of criminal behaviour. 1985.

Robert D. Hare, Stephen D. Hart, and Timothy J. Harpur. Psychopathy and the DSM-IV criteria for antisocial personality disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100(3):391-398 (1991).

Robert D. Hare - "Psychopathy: a clinical construct whose time has come," Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 23, No. 1, March 1996, pp. 25-54.

Robert D. Hare - Psychopaths: New Trends in Research. The Harvard Mental Health Letter, September 1995.

James F. Hemphill, Robert D. Hare and Stephen Wong - Psychopathy and recidivism: A review. Legal and Criminological Psychology 3 Part 1 (February 1998) 139-170

Dominique LaPierre, Claude M. J. Braun, and Sheilagh Hodgins - "Ventral frontal deficits in psychopathy: neuropsychological test findings", Neuropsychologia, Vol. 33, No. 2, 1995.

Donald R. Lynam - "Early identification of chronic offenders: who is the fledgling psychopath?" , Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 120, No. 2, 1996, pp. 209-234.

Gary K. Levenston, Christopher J. Patrick, Margaret M. Bradley, and Peter J. Lang - "Psychopathy and startle modulation during affective picture processing: a replication and extension", SPR Abstracts, August 1996, p. S55.

Meyers CA, Berman SA, Scheibel RS, Hayman A - Case report: acquired antisocial personality disorder associated with unilateral left orbital frontal lobe damage. J Psychiatry Neurosci 1992 Sep;17(3):121-125

Christopher Patrick, Bruce Cuthbert, and Peter Lang - "Emotion in the criminal psychopath: fear image processing," , Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 103, No. 3, 1994.

Christopher J. Patrick - "Emotion and temperament in psychopathy," , Clinical Science, Fall 1995, pp. 5-8;

Christopher J. Patrick - "Emotion and psychopathy: startling new insights," Psychophysiology, 31, 1994b, pp. 319-330;

Douglas A. Quirk - "Composite biofeedback conditioning and dangerous offenders: III," Journal of Neurotherapy, Vol. 1, No. 2, Fall 1995, pp. 44-54.

Adrian Raine, Peter H. Venables, and Mark Williams" - Relationships between central and autonomic measures of arousal at age 15 years and criminality at age 24 years", Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 47, November 1990.

Adrian Raine, Monte S. Buchsbaum, Jill Stanley, Steven Lottenberg, Leonard Abel, and Jacqueline Stoddard - "Selective reductions in prefrontal glucose metabolism in murderers," Biol. Psychiatry, 36, September 1, 1994.

Adrian Raine, Monte Buchsbaum, and Lori LaCasse - "Brain abnormalities in murderers indicated by positron emission tomography," Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 42, 1997, pp. 495-508.

Tonkonogy JM - Violence and temporal lobe lesion: head CT and MRI data. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1991;3(2):189-196

Franck Vertosick Jr. A Bullet to the Mind, Discover Magazine, October 1996

Volkow ND, Tancredi LR, Grant C, Gillespie H, Valentine A, Mullani N, Wang GJ, Hollister L - Brain glucose metabolism in violent psychiatric patients: a preliminary study. Psychiatry Res 1995 Nov 10;61(4):243-253

Wong MT, Lumsden J, Fenton GW, Fenwick PB - Electroencephalography, computed tomography and violence ratings of male patients in a maximum-security mental hospital. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1994 Aug;90(2):97-101.


Damasio, Antonio - Descarte's Error Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain", Avon Hearst, New York, 1995 (see on-line reviews]

Hare, Robert D.- "Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us", 1993

LeDoux, Joseph - The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life. Touchstone Books, 1997, Reprint 1998

David T. Lykken - The Antisocial Personalities. Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc., 1995.

Hillbrand, Marc & Pallone, Nathaniel J. (Editors) - The Psychobiology of Aggression, Hayworth Press, 1995 [See review on Crime Times)

Raine, Adrian - The Psychopathology of Crime: Criminal Behavior as a Clinical Disorder. New York: Academic Press, 1997 [see review on Crime Times)

Walker III, Sidney - A Dose of Sanity: Minds, Medicine and Misdiagnosis. New York: Wiley, 1997.

Procure mais livros sobre psicopatas:


A Neurobiologia da Sociopatia: Recursos na Internet

Antisocial Personality Disorder. Internet Mental Health

On-Line Diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder. Internet Mental Health.

Dual Diagnosis and the Antisocial Personality Disorder, by Sharon C. Ekleberry, 1997.

Closed head injury and frontal lobe syndrome. Brain Imaging Center, University of California at Irvine

Violent tendencies linked to brain abnormality. The Chronicles. By Rob Stein (Washington Post).

Emotion and temperament in sociopathy. by Christopher J. Patrick.

Without Conscience: Dr. Hare's Lab at the University of British Columbia

The Crime Library. Serial Killers Index

Yahoo! Serial Killers Resources on the Internet

Phineas Gage: 150th Anniversary Official Site

The Crime Times: Research Reviews and Information on Biological Causes of Violent, Criminal and Psychopathic Behavior

Copyright 1998 Universidade Estadual de Campinas
Revista Cérebro & Mente, Campinas, Brasil
Renato M.E. Sabbatini, PhD
Núcleo de Informática Biomédica